Southeast Asia Saltwater Fish Identification Part 1

Southeast Asia saltwater fish identification is created to make identification of common marine fish species found in South East Asia easy. The Southeast Asia region contains more than 75% of worldwide reef building coral species, approximately 75% of the worldwide mangrove species and over 45% of worldwide seagrass species that provide suitable habitats for various life form.

The list below are fish species caught in Tanjung Leman which is situated facing the South China Sea in the southern state of Johor, Malaysia. Located in the Central Indo-Pacific basin, Malaysia represents one of the most spectacular and richest marine species habitat in the world. There are approximately 2250 different species of fish in Malaysia, thanks to the unique geographic location and tropical climate.

The fish images below are all fresh fish photographed mostly while still in the sea. The list arranged based on the International Standard Statistical Classification of Aquatic Animals and Plants, also includes names in languages and dialects used in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. Update will be done whenever new photograph is available and name of the species are identified. There are about 150 species posted here and still collecting.


Species Group: Redfishes, Basses, Congers, etc (ISSCAAP 33)

Common Name: John’s Snapper, Golden Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus johnii (Bloch, 1792)
Mandarin Name: 紅鰽(Hóng qiú), 红皂 (Hóng zào), 红潮 (Hóng cháo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Jenahak, Ungah
Local Hokkien: Ang Zho
Local Teochew: Ang Zhor
Local Cantonese: Hong Lap






Common Name: Russel’s Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus russelli (Bleeker, 1849)
Mandarin Name: 紅鰽痣(Hóng qiú zhì), 红皂记 (Hóng zào jì)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tanda
Local Hokkien: Ang Zho Kee, Orr Tiam
Local Teochew: Ang Zhor Kee








Common Name: Mangrove Jack, Mangrove Red Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 赤鰽 (Chì qiú), 红家定 (Hóng jiā dìng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Merah, Kakap Merah, Siakap Merah
Local Hokkien: Ciak Zho








Common Name: Malabar Blood Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Mandarin Name: 红鱼 (Hóng yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Merah Tanda Hitam, Merah, Merah Mata Hitam








Common Name: Crimson Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch, 1790
Mandarin Name: 红鸡 (Hóng jī)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Merah, Merah Pucat
Local Hokkien: Ang Sai, Ang Koi






Common Name: Humpback Red Snapper, Paddletail
Scientific Name: Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 红鸡 (Hóng jī), 紅魚 (Hóng yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Merah, Jenahak, Merah Barahan






Common Name: Emperor Red Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier, 1816)
Mandarin Name: 红鸡 (Hóng jī), 紅魚 (Hóng yú), 关刀红 (Guān dāo hóng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Merah Coreng, Merah Boring
Local Hokkien: Ang Hu, Ang Koi
Remarks: Red stripes will disappear in adult.






Common Name: Yellow Streaked Snapper, Dark-tailed Sea Perch
Scientific Name: Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes, 1828)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Merah, Kunyit, Jenahak Jalur Kuning






Common Name: Button Snapper, Moluccan Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède, 1802)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Merah Maluku






Common Name: Spanish Flag Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus carponotatus (Richardson, 1842)
Mandarin Name: 赤笔仔 (Chì bǐ zǐ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Timun
Local Hokkien: Tee Boon








Common Name: Blackspot Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus ehrenbergii (Peters, 1869)
Mandarin Name: 火点 (Huǒ diǎn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Timun Tanda






Common Name: Bigeye Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch, 1790
Mandarin Name: 黄笛鲷 (Huáng dí diāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kunyit, Remong
Local Hokkien: Kee Hu
Remarks: Often difficult to differentiate the Lutjanus Madras and Lutjanus Lutjanus. The space between the eye and upper jaw is smaller for Lutjanus Lutjanus.






Common Name: Indian Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus madras (Valenciennes, 1831)
Mandarin Name: 前鳞笛鲷 (Qián lín dí diāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kunyit, Remong, Kunyit Madras
Local Hokkien: Kee Hu
Remarks: Often difficult to differentiate the Lutjanus Madras and Lutjanus Lutjanus. The space between the eye and upper jaw is smaller for Lutjanus Lutjanus.






Common Name: Five-lined Snapper, Blue-banded Sea-perch
Scientific Name: Lutjanus quinquelineatus  (Bloch, 1790)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kunyit, Remong, Tanda Jalur, Kunyit Lima Garis
Local Hokkien: Kee Hu






Common Name: Brownstripe Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kunyit, Remong, Kunyit Remong
Local Hokkien: Kee Hu






Common Name: Goldbanded Jobfish, Day's Jobfish
Scientific Name: Pristipomoides multidens (Day, 1871)
Local Malay Name: Kerisi Bali, Ibu Kerisi
Local Hokkien: Ka Lak






Common Name: Sharptooth Jobfish, Sharptooth Snapper
Scientific Name: Pristipomoides typus Bleeker, 1852
Local Malay Name: Kerisi Batu, Ibu Kerisi, Kerisi Bali Ros
Local Hokkien: Ka Lak






Common Name: Redmouth Grouper, Redmouth Rockcod
Scientific Name: Aethaloperca rogaa  (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 烟鲙 (Yān kuài), 烟鲈 (Yān lú)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu Batu, Kerapu Mulut Merah






Common Name: Chocolate Hind, Brown-barred Grouper
Scientific Name: Cephalopholis boenak (Bloch, 1790)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 印度石斑 (Yìndù shí bān)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu Tenggarong, Kerapu Belang Perang






Common Name: Bluespotted Hind
Scientific Name: Cephalopholis cyanostigma (Valenciennes, 1828)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu Bintik Biru, Kerapu Karang








Common Name: Bluelined grouper, Bluelined Hind, Bluelined rockcod
Scientific Name: Cephalopholis formosa (Shaw, 1812)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 蓝线石斑 (Lán xiàn shí bān)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu Garis Biru
Local Hokkien: Thee Swa Gau
Local Teochew: Gao Hu
Local Cantonese: Seck Pan






Common Name: Humpback Grouper, Humpback Hind
Scientific Name: Cromileptes altivelis  (Valenciennes, 1828)
Mandarin Name: 老鼠斑 (Lǎoshǔ bān), 驼背鲈 (Tuóbèi lú)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu Tikus, Kerapu Belida, Sunoh






Common Name: Barred Soapfish
Scientific Name: Diploprion bifasciatum Cuvier, 1828
Mandarin Name: 肥皂鱼 (Féizào yú)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu Sebekah, Sebekah Laut






Common Name: Areolate Grouper
Scientific Name: Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 西星斑 (Xi xīng bān)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu Ekor Putih, Kerapu Bintik Bulat
Local Hokkien: Koay Gau
Local Teochew: Gao Hu
Local Cantonese: Seck Pan






Common Name: Yellow Grouper
Scientific Name: Epinephelus awoara  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 青石斑 (Qīng shí bān), 黄斑 (Huáng bān)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu, Kerapu Sirip Kuning
Local Hokkien: Koay Gau
Local Teochew: Gao Hu
Local Cantonese: Seck Pan






Common Name: Duskytail Grouper
Scientific Name: Epinephelus bleekeri (Vaillant, 1878)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 红点油班 (Hóng diǎn yóu bān)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu Ekor Gelap
Local Hokkien: Koay Gau
Local Teochew: Gao Hu
Local Cantonese: Seck Pan






Common Name: Coral Grouper
Scientific Name: Epinephelus corallicola (Valenciennes, 1828)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu Karang, Kerapu Pisang
Remarks: This grouper is caught in Pulau Tinggi






Common Name: Orange-spotted Grouper, Goldspotted Rockcod, Brownspotted grouper, Estuary cod.
Scientific Name: Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton, 1822)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 红点石斑 (Hóng diǎn shí bān)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu bintik jingga, Kerapu Pinang, Kerapu Balong, Kerapu Rintek, Kerapu Pakpanang
Local Hokkien: Chia Gau
Remarks: Looks almost like Dusky Tail Grouper. The difference is clear in the tail fin.






Common Name: Cloudy Grouper, Cloudy rockcod,.Garoupa
Scientific Name: Epinephelus erythrurus (Valenciennes, 1828).
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 石头斑 (Shítou bān)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu Tompok Awan, Kerapu Combat
Local Hokkien: Koay Gau
Local Teochew: Gao Hu
Local Cantonese: Seck Pan






Common Name: Rock Grouper, Red Banded Grouper
Scientific Name: Epinephelus fasciatomaculosus (Peters, 1865)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 青眼斑 (Qīng yǎn bān)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu Batu, Tongkah
Local Hokkien: Koay Gau, Gau Hu
Local Teochew: Gao Hu
Local Cantonese: Seck Pan








Common Name: Blacktip Grouper
Scientific Name: Epinephelus fasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 赤石斑鱼 (Chìshí bān yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu Sirip Hitam, Kerapu Merah
Remarks: This grouper was caught in Pulau Tinggi






Common Name: Giant Grouper, Brindlebass, Brown Spotted Cod, Bumblebee Grouper, Queensland Groper
Scientific Name: Epinephelus lanceolatus  (Bloch, 1790)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 鞍帶石斑魚(Ān dài shí bān yú), 龙旦 (Lóng dàn)
Local Malay Name:Ikan Kertang, Kerapu Pertang
Local Cantonese: Long Tan










Common Name: Longfin Grouper
Scientific Name: Epinephelus quoyanus (Valenciennes, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 蜜蜂斑 (Mìfēng bān)
Local Malay Name:Ikan Kerapu Cicak, Kerapu Tukul
Local Teochew: Gao Hu
Local Cantonese: Seck Pan






Common Name: Sixbar Grouper, Garoupa
Scientific Name: Epinephelus sexfasciatus (Valenciennes, 1828)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 糯米石斑 (Nuòmǐ shí bān)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu Bebeh
Local Hokkien: Koay Gau
Local Teochew: Gao Hu
Local Cantonese: Seck Pan






Common Name: Greasy Grouper, Garoupa
Scientific Name: Epinephelus tauvina (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), Global - 鱸滑石斑魚(Lú huá shíbānyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerapu Hitam, Kerapu Bunga
Local Hokkien: Koay Gau
Local Teochew: Gao Hu
Local Cantonese: Seck Pan






Common Name: Squaretail Coral Grouper
Scientific Name: Plectropomus areolatus  (Rüppell, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 西星斑 (Xī xīng bān)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu Ekor Putih, Kerapu Sunoh Ekor Pepat
Local Hokkien: Ang Gau








Common Name: Common Coral Trout, Leopard Trout, Leopard Coral Grouper
Scientific Name: Plectropomus leopardus (Lacepède, 1802)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 七星斑 (Qī xīng bān)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu Sunoh Bara, Kerapu Bintang
Local Hokkien: Ang Gau








Common Name: Barcheek Coral Trout, Spotted Coral Grouper
Scientific Name: Plectropomus maculatus (Bloch, 1790)
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 东星斑 (Dōng xīng bān)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu sunoh pisang, Kerapu Bara
Local Hokkien: Chut Bee Gau, Ang Gau, Kim Gau










Common Name: White-edged Lyretail, White-edged lunartail
Scientific Name: Variola albimarginata Baissac, 1953
Mandarin Name: 石斑魚 (Shí bān yú), 白缘星鲙 (Bái yuán xīng kuài)
Local Malay Name: Kerapu Sabit Putih






Common Name: Blackspot Tuskfish
Scientific Name: Choerodon schoenleinii (Valenciennes, 1839)
Mandarin Name: 青鹦哥 (Qīng yīng gē), 哨牙仔 (Shào yá zǐ), 青衣 (Qīngyī)
Local Malay Name: Ketarap Bintik Hitam, Bayan








Common Name: Seagrass Tuskfish
Scientific Name: Choerodon oligacanthus (Bleeker, 1851)
Mandarin Name:鹦哥 (Yīng gē)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Ketarap Tanda, Bayan








Common Name: Sling-jaw Wrasse
Scientific Name: Epibulus insidiator (Pallas, 1770)
Mandarin Name: 伸口鱼 (Shēn kǒu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bayan, Batu, Nuri Sumpit






Common Name: Bubblefin Wrasse, Diamond Wrasse
Scientific Name: Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Mandarin Name:鹦哥 (Yīng gē), 黑带海猪鱼 (Hēi dài hǎi zhū yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bayan, Batu, Nuri Belodok




Common Name: Blackeye Thicklip
Scientific Name: Hemigymnus melapterus (Bloch, 1791)
Mandarin Name:鹦哥 (Yīng gē), 黑鳍厚唇鱼 (Hēi qí hòu chún yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Ketarap Tanda, Bayan, Bibir-tebal Badan Gelap






Common Name: Rusty Parrotfish
Scientific Name: Scarus ferrugineus Forsskål, 1775
Mandarin Name: 鹦哥 (Yīng gē)
Local Malay Name: Ketarap, Bayan Karat






Common Name: Blue-barred Parrotfish
Scientific Name: Scarus ghobban Forsskål, 1775
Mandarin Name: 鹦哥 (Yīng gē)
Local Malay Name: Ketarap, Bayan Belang Biru





Common Name: Rivulated Parrotfish
Scientific Name: Scarus rivulatus Valenciennes, 1840
Mandarin Name: 鹦哥 (Yīng gē)
Local Malay Name: Ketarap, Bayan Coreng
Remarks: Below photo is a male Rivulated Parrotfish






Common Name: Tricolour Parrotfish
Scientific Name: Scarus tricolor   Bleeker,  1847
Mandarin Name: 鹦哥 (Yīng gē)
Local Malay Name: Kalat, Perencong, Ketarap, Bayan Tiga Warna
Remarks: Below photo is a male Tricolour Parrotfish








Common Name: Painted Sweetlips
Scientific Name: Diagramma pictum (Thunberg, 1792)
Mandarin Name: 马头卢 (Mǎ tóu lú), 尾油卿 (Wěi yóu qīng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kaci, Kaci Mandi Abu
Local Hokkien: Ka Chee








Common Name: Broadbanded Velvetchin, Belted Barbeled Grunter
Scientific Name: Hapalogenys analis  Richardson, 1845
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kaci Belang, Tebal Bibir






Common Name: Harry Hotlips, Brown Sweetlips
Scientific Name: Plectorhinchus gibbosus (Lacepède, 1802)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kaci, Tebal Bibir, Kakap Batu, Kaci Kakap
Local Hokkien: Or Ka Chee





Common Name: Yellowbanded Sweetlips, Diagonal-banded Sweetlips, Blackstriped Sweetlips
Scientific Name: Plectorhinchus lineatus  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kaci, Kaci Rajabau
Local Hokkien: Ka Chee





Common Name: Longhead Grunt, Longhead Grunter
Scientific Name: Pomadasys auritus (Cuvier, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 石鲈鱼 (Shí lú yú), 石炉鱼 (Shí lú yú), 金石鲈 (Jīn shí lú)
Local Malay Name: Gerut-gerut Emas,, Gegerut, Gerut-gerut, Tebal Pipi
Local Hokkien: Jiok Tau Lor








Common Name: Javelin Grunter, Javelin Grunt
Scientific Name: Pomadasys kaakan (Cuvier, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 石鲈鱼 (Shí lú yú), 石炉鱼 (Shí lú yú), 白鰽 (Bái qiú), 镖石鲈 (Biāo shí lú), 点石鲈 (Diǎn shí lú)
Local Malay Name: Gerut-gerut Ompakan, Gegerut,  Celek Mata, Akuhut, Gorat-gorat
Local Hokkien: Gu Hud, Jiok Lor, Pek Cho
Local Teochew: Pek Cho






Common Name: Saddle Grunter, Saddle Grunt
Scientific Name: Pornadasys maculatus (Bloch, 1793)
Mandarin Name: 石鲈鱼 (Shí lú yú), 石炉鱼 (Shí lú yú), 白鰽 (Bái qiú), 大斑石鲈 (Dà bān shí lú)
Local Malay Name: Gerut-gerut Sebokah, Gegerut,  Celek Mata, Akuhut, Gorat-gorat
Local Hokkien: Gu Hud, Jiok Lor, Pek Cho
Local Teochew: Pek Cho








Common Name: Red Patched Grunter
Scientific Name: Pomadasys unimaculatus Tian, 1982
Mandarin Name: 石鲈鱼 (Shí lú yú), 石炉鱼 (Shí lú yú), 白鰽 (Bái qiú), 单斑石鲈 (Dān bān shí lú)
Local Malay Name: Gerut-gerut Pelana, Gegerut,, Akuhut, Gorat-gorat
Local Hokkien: Gu Hud, Jiok Lor, Pek Cho
Local Teochew: Pek Cho






Common Name: Blue Sea Chub
Scientific Name: Kyphosus cinerascens  (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 白毛 (Bái máo)
Local Malay Name: Beras-beras, Aklat Karang, Beras Biru






Common Name: Bay Sillago
Scientific Name: Sillago ingenuua McKay, 1985
Mandarin Name: 沙鮻 (Shā suō), 沙钻 (Shā zuàn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bulus-bulus, Bebulus, Seloncong, Puntung Damar Teluk
Local Hokkien: Sua Jui,, Sua Jiam
Local Teochew: Sua Jui
Local Cantonese: Sar Joi






Common Name: Silver Sillago, Silver Whiting
Scientific Name: Sillago sihama  (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 沙鮻 (Shā suō), 沙钻 (Shā zuàn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bulus-bulus, Bebulus, Seloncong, Puntung Damar Perak
Local Hokkien: Sua Jui,, Sua Jiam
Local Teochew: Sua Jui
Local Cantonese: Sar Joi








Common Name: Yellowsnout Large-eye Bream
Scientific Name: Gymnocranius frenatus Bleeker, 1873
Local Malay Name: Kapas-kapas Laut, Mempasir Mutiara










Common Name: Thumbprint Emperor, Blackspot Emperor
Scientific Name: Lethrinus harak (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 龙占 (Lóng zhàn), 单斑龙占 (Dān bān lóng zhàn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelandok, Landuk, Mempinang, Ketambak, Asuh, Landok Tanda
Local Hokkien: Leng Jiam






Common Name: Pink Ear Emperors, Bridled Pigface Bream
Scientific Name: Lethrinus lentjan (Lacepède, 1802)
Mandarin Name: 龙占 (Lóng zhàn), 乌帽龙占 (Wū mào lóng zhàn), 紅鰽痣 (Hóng qiú zhì)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelandok, Landuk, Mempinang, Ketambak, Asuh, Landok Calit Merah
Local Hokkien: Leng Jiam








Common Name: Longface Emperor
Scientific Name: Lethrinus olivaceus  Valenciennes, 1830
Mandarin Name: 龙占 (Lóng zhàn), 尖吻龙占 (Jiān wěn lóng zhàn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelandok, Landuk, Mempinang, Ketambak, Asuh, Landok Ketambak






Common Name: Ornate Emperor
Scientific Name: Lethrinus ornatus Valenciennes, 1830
Mandarin Name: 龙占 (Lóng zhàn), 黄带龙占 (Huáng dài lóng zhàn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelandok, Landuk, Mempinang, Ketambak, Asuh, Landok Jalur Jingga







Common Name: Spangled Emperor
Scientific Name: Lethrinus nebulosus (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 龙占 (Lóng zhàn), 青嘴龙占 (Qīng zuǐ lóng zhàn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelandok, Landuk, Mempinang, Ketambak, Asuh, Landok Sisik Bintik






Common Name: Slender Emperor, Variegated Emperor
Scientific Name: Lethrinus variegatus  Valenciennes, 1830
Mandarin Name: 龙占 (Lóng zhàn), 杂色龙占 (Zá sè lóng zhàn), 杂色裸颊鲷 (Zá sè luǒ jiá diāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelandok, Landuk, Mempinang, Ketambak, Asuh, Landok Lampai









Common Name: Deep-bodied Mojarra, Silver Biddy
Scientific Name: Gerres erythrourus (Bloch, 1791)
Mandarin Name: 胶把 (Jiāo bǎ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kapas-kapas, Kekapas, Kapas Laut, Kapas Sungai
Local Hokkien: Ka Pak






Common Name: Whipfin Mojarra, Whipfin Silver-biddy, Long-rayed Mojarra
Scientific Name: Gerres filamentosus  Cuvier, 1829
Mandarin Name: 胶把 (Jiāo bǎ), 曳丝钻嘴鱼 (Yè sī zuàn zuǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kapas-kapas, Kekapas, Kapas Laut, Kapas Filamen
Local Hokkien: Ka Pak






Common Name: Longfin Mojarra
Scientific Name: Pentaprion longimanus (Cantor, 1849)
Mandarin Name: 胶把 (Jiāo bǎ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kapas, Kapas-kapas, Kapas Kaca
Local Hokkien: Ka Pak






Common Name: Silver Moony, Silver Moonfish
Scientific Name: Monodactylus argenteus  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 银鳞鲳 (Yín lín chāng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bawal Perak, Bebulan, Bawal-bulan Perak
Local Hokkien: Bat Hu






Common Name: Concertina Fish
Scientific Name: Drepane longimana (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Mandarin Name: 白曹喜 (Bái cáo xǐ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Daun Baharu, Bebaru, Baharu-baharu, Daun-baru Belang
Local Hokkien: Cao Xi






Common Name: Spotted Sicklefish
Scientific Name: Drepane punctata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 曹喜 (Cáo xǐ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Daun Baharu, Bebaru, Baharu-baharu, Daun-baru Bintik
Local Hokkien: Cao Xi






Common Name: Redbelly Yellowtail Fusilier
Scientific Name: Caesio cuning (Bloch, 1791)
Mandarin Name: 豆腐鱼 (Dòufu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Delah, Delah Pinang, Bagan, Sulit
Local Hokkien: Tau Hoo
Local Teochew: Tau Hoo










Common Name: Yellow and Blueback Fusilier
Scientific Name: Caesio teres Seale, 1906
Mandarin Name: 豆腐鱼 (Dòufu yú), 蓝黄梅鲷 (Lán huáng méi diāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Delah, Delah Remong, Bagan, Sulit
Local Hokkien: Tau Hoo
Local Teochew: Tau Hoo






Common Name: Double-lined Fusilier, Double Stripe Fusilier
Scientific Name: Pterocaesio digramma  (Bleeker, 1864)
Mandarin Name: 豆腐鱼 (Dòufu yú), 双带乌尾鮗 (Shuāng dài wū wěi dong), 双带梅鲷 (Shuāng dài méi diāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Delah, Pinang-pinang, Sulit Dwijalur
Local Hokkien: Tau Hoo
Local Teochew: Tau Hoo






Common Name: Dark-banded Fusilier
Scientific Name: Pterocaesio tile   (Cuvier, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 豆腐鱼 (Dòufu yú), 蒂尔乌尾鮗 (Dì ěr wū wěi dong), 长背梅鲷 (Zhǎng bèi méi diāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Delah, Delah Karang, Pinang-pinang, Sulit Jalur Hitam
Local Hokkien: Tau Hoo
Local Teochew: Tau Hoo








Common Name: Doubletooth Soldierfish, Red-fin Squirrelfish
Scientific Name: Myripristis hexagona (Lacepède, 1802)
Mandarin Name: 大眼 (Dà yǎn)
Local Malay Name: Sebekah, Lolong Batu, Lolong-karang Sirip Merah






Common Name: Redcoat, Red striped squirrelfish
Scientific Name: Sargocentron rubrum (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 大眼 (Dà yǎn)
Local Malay Name: Lolong, Lolong Batu, Sebekah-karang Sirip Hijau






Common Name: Bengal Sergeant
Scientific Name: Abudefduf bengalensis (Bloch, 1787)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Gombing, Kepal Batu, Bombin, Gombing Benggala








Common Name: Indo-Pacific Sergeant
Scientific Name: Abudefduf vaigiensis  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Gombing, Bombin, Gombing Jalur Lima






Common Name: Sweeper, Bulleyes
Scientific Name: Pempheris otaitensis Cuvier, 1831
Local Malay Name: Sepat Laut






Common Name: Buru Glass Perchlet
Scientific Name: Ambassis buruensis Bleeker, 1856
Local Malay Name: Seriding Buru, Pridin






Common Name: Bald Glassy, Naked-head Glassy Perchlet
Scientific Name: Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède, 1802)
Local Malay Name: Seriding Putih, Seriding Botak, Pridin






Common Name: Four-banded Cardinalfish
Scientific Name: Apogon quadrifasciatus Cuvier, 1828
Local Malay Name: Sebekah Dwijalur, Sebekah Dua Jalur, Sernangka, Serinding






Common Name: Hookfin Cardinalfish
Scientific Name: Apogon griffin (Seale, 1910)
Local Malay Name: Sebekah Merah, Serinding






Common Name: Reeve's Croaker
Scientific Name: Chrysochir aureus (Richardson, 1846)
Mandarin Name: 黄金鳍口 (Huáng jīn qí kǒu), 地黄鱼 (Dì huáng yú), 地王鱼 (De wáng yú)
Local Malay Name: Gelama China, Gelama Kuning Dada, Gelama Lumpur
Local Teochew: Chiak Sik






Common Name: Bengal Corvina, Croaker
Scientific Name: Daysciaena albida  (Cuvier, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 白黄姑鱼 (Bái huáng gū yú), 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Benggala
Local Hokkien: Gu La Ma
Local Teochew: Gu La Ma






Common Name: Goatee Croaker
Scientific Name: Dendrophysa russelii (Cuvier, 1829)
Mandarin Name: 白姑魚 (Bái gū yú), 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Janggut Tanda
Local Hokkien: Gu La Ma
Local Teochew: Gu La Ma








Common Name: Belanger's Croaker, Jewfish, Drum
Scientific Name: Johnius belangerii (Cuvier, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 白姑魚 (Bái gū yú), 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Birai, Gelama Panjang, Jarau
Local Hokkien: Gu La Ma
Local Teochew: Gu La Ma








Common Name: Sharpnose Hammer Croaker
Scientific Name: Johnius borneensis (Bleeker, 1851)
Mandarin Name: 白姑魚 (Bái gū yú), 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Batu, Gelama Tukul






Common Name: Coitor Croaker
Scientific Name: Johnius coitor  (Hamilton, 1822)
Mandarin Name: 白姑魚 (Bái gū yú), 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Borneo, Gelama Papan
Local Hokkien: Gu La Ma
Local Teochew: Gu La Ma






Common Name: Yellow Croaker
Scientific Name: Larimichthys polyactis (Bleeker, 1877)
Mandarin Name: 小黃魚 (Xiǎohuángyú), 黄花鱼 (Huánghuā yú)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Emas, Gelama Dada Kuning
Remarks: The fish is gold in color. It is a very rare species in this area that can only be found at the beginning of the Northeast Monsoon season. Most of these fish are caught with eggs.










Common Name: White Flower Croaker, Yellow drum
Scientific Name: Nibea albiflora (Richardson, 1846)
Mandarin Name: 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā), 黃姑魚 (Huáng gū yú)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Bunga
Local Hokkien: Gu La Ma
Local Teochew: Gu La Ma






Common Name:Soldier Croaker
Scientific Name: Nibea soldado (Lacepède, 1802)
Mandarin Name: 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā), 白板 (Bái bǎn)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Papan, Gelama Bongkok
Local Hokkien: Gu La Ma
Local Teochew: Gu La Ma






Common Name: Bronze Croaker
Scientific Name: Otolithoides biauritus (Cantor, 1849)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Selampai, Tenkerong Merah






Common Name: Tigertooth Croaker
Scientific Name: Otolithes ruber (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Mandarin Name: 双牙(Shuāng yá)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Gigi Jarang, Gelama Bulat, Tenkerong Panjang
Local Hokkien: Sum Geh
Local Teochew: Sum Geh








Common Name: Half-mourning Croaker
Scientific Name: Paranibea semiluctuosa (Cuvier, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā), 黑鰭黃姑魚 (Hēi qí huáng gū yú)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Kelam
Local Hokkien: Gu La Ma
Local Teochew: Gu La Ma






Common Name: Bigeye Croaker
Scientific Name: Pennahia anea (Bloch, 1793)
Mandarin Name: 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā), 大眼白姑鱼 (Dà yǎn bái gū yú)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Pisang
Local Hokkien: Gu La Ma
Local Teochew: Gu La Ma






Common Name: Big-head Pennah Croaker
Scientific Name: Pennahia macrocephalus (Tang, 1937)
Mandarin Name: 牛那妈 (Niú nà mā), 大头白姑鱼 (Dà tóu bái gū yú)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Cerua
Local Hokkien: Gu La Ma
Local Teochew: Gu La Ma






Common Name: Bigmouth Croaker
Scientific Name: Pterotolithus lateoides  (Bleeker, 1849)
Mandarin Name: 双牙(Shuāng yá)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Gigi Jarang, Jarang-gigi Jarau Putih
Local Hokkien: Sum Geh
Local Teochew: Sum Geh








Common Name: Blotched Tigertooth Croaker, Spotted Jewfish
Scientific Name: Pterotolithus maculatus (Cuvier, 1830)
Local Malay Name: Gelama Jarau Bintik, Gelama Musang, Gelama Pahang








Common Name: Cinnabar Goatfish
Scientific Name: Parupeneus heptacanthus (Lacepède, 1802)
Local Malay Name: Biji Nangka Tanda Merah










Common Name: Rosy Dwarf Monocle Bream
Scientific Name: Parascolopsis eriomma  (Jordan & Richardson, 1909)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pasir, Mempasir, Mempasir Ros Merah








Common Name: Pearly Monocle Bream
Scientific Name: Scolopsis margaritifera  (Cuvier, 1830)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pasir, Pasir-pasir Mutiara
Local Hokkien: Tua Bak Kor






Common Name: Rainbow Monocle Bream, Monogrammed Monocle Bream
Scientific Name: Scolopsis monogramma (Cuvier, 1830)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pasir, Pasir-pasir Jalur Gelap
Local Hokkien: Tua Bak Kor








Common Name: Latice Monocle Bream
Scientific Name: Scolopsis taenioptera (Cuvier, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 红哥里 (Hóng gē lǐ)
Local Malay Name: Kerisi Pasir, Pasir-pasir Mentimun
Local Hokkien: Ang Goh Li
Local Teochew: Ang Nee






Common Name: Whitecheek Monocle Bream
Scientific Name: Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch, 1792)
Mandarin Name: 白头库 (Bái tóu kù)
Local Malay Name: Puyu Laut
Local Hokkien: Peh Tao Kor, Thik Kak Chia






Common Name: Fork-tailed Threadfin Bream, Rosy Threadfin Bream
Scientific Name: Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 红哥里 (Hóng gē lǐ), 红金线鱼 (Hóng jīn xiàn yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerisi, Kerisi Merah Ros
Local Hokkien: Ang Goh Li
Local Teochew: Ang Nee






Common Name: Japanese Threadfin Bream
Scientific Name: Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch, 1791)
Mandarin Name: 红哥里 (Hóng gē lǐ), 日本金线鱼 (Rìběn jīn xiàn yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerisi, Kerisi Jepun
Local Hokkien: Ang Goh Li
Local Teochew: Ang Nee








Common Name: Notchedfin Threadfin Bream
Scientific Name: Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 红哥里 (Hóng gē lǐ), 菲氏金线鱼 (Fēi shì jīn xiàn yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerisi, Kerisi Merah
Local Hokkien: Ang Goh Li
Local Teochew: Ang Nee






Common Name: White Shouldered Whiptail
Scientific Name: Pentapodus bifasciattus (Bleeker, 1848)
Local Malay Name: Anjang-anjang Dua Jalur






Common Name: Butterfly Whiptail
Scientific Name: Pentapodus setosus (Valenciennes, 1830)
Local Malay Name: Anjang-anjang Monofilamen










Common Name: Blackear Lizardfish
Scientific Name: Synodus hoshinonis Tanaka, 1917
Mandarin Name: 狗母魚 (Gǒu mǔ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Conor, Mengkarong, Ubi, Ubi Pelana






Common Name: Bluntnose Lizardfish, Painted Grinner, Snakefish
Scientific Name: Synodus myops (Forster, 1801)
Synonym: Trachinocephalus myops  (Forster, 1801)
Mandarin Name: 大头花杆狗母 (Dàtóu huā gān gǒu mǔ), 狗母魚 (Gǒu mǔ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Conor, Mengkerong, Ubi, Pucung








Common Name: Variegated Lizardfish
Scientific Name: Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
Mandarin Name: 红斑狗母 (Hóngbān gǒu mǔ), 狗母魚 (Gǒu mǔ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Conor, Mengkarong, Ubi Sisik Pipi








Common Name: Greater Lizardfish
Scientific Name: Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
Mandarin Name: 狗母魚 (Gǒu mǔ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Conor, Mengkerong, Ubi, Pucung, Conor Curut






Common Name: Six-lined Trumpeter, Sixlined Terapon
Scientific Name: Helotes sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
Synonym: Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824)
Local Malay Name: Kerong Enam Jalur






Common Name: Jarbua Terapon
Scientific Name: Terapon jarbua (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 家隆蛆 (Jiālóng qū), 花身(Huā shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan kerong, Mengkerong, Kekerong, Kerong Jalur
Local Hokkien: Keh Long Chi






Common Name: Largescaled Terapon
Scientific Name: Terapon theraps Cuvier, 1829
Mandarin Name: 家隆蛆 (Jiālóng qū), 花身(Huā shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kerong, Mengkerong, Kekerong, Kerong Batu
Local Hokkien: Keh Long Chi






Common Name: Splendid Ponyfish
Scientific Name: Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829)
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Mahkota






Common Name: Goldstripe Ponyfish
Scientific Name: Karalla daura (Cuvier, 1829)
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Jalur






Common Name: Shortnose Ponyfish
Scientific Name: Leiognathus brevirostris (Valenciennes, 1835)
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Muncung Pendek






Common Name: Common Ponyfish, Greater Ponyfish
Scientific Name: Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Gedabang






Common Name: Longspine Ponyfish
Scientific Name: Leiognathus longispinis (Valenciennes, 1835)
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Dwifilamen






Common Name: Yellowspotted Ponyfish
Scientific Name: Nuchequula flavaxilla Kimura, Kimura & Ikejima, 2008
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek






Common Name: Spotnape Ponyfish
Scientific Name: Nuchequula nuchalis  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Kekek Langsat






Common Name: Pugnose ponyfish
Scientific Name: Secutor insidiator (Bloch, 1787)
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Sekiki Muncung






Common Name: Deep Pugnose Ponyfish
Scientific Name: Secutor ruconius (Hamilton, 1822)
Mandarin Name: 格格 (Gégé)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kikek, Kekek, Sekiki Bulat






Common Name: Orbfish
Scientific Name: Ephippus orbis (Bloch, 1787)
Mandarin Name:圆白鲳 (Yuán bái chāng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Beluru, Daun Baharu, Peluru
Local Hokkien: Pau Cheoh








Common Name: Longfin Batfish
Scientific Name: Platax teira (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name:牛屎鲳 (Niú shǐ chāng), 尖翅燕鱼 (Jiān chì yàn yú), 象耳朵 (Xiàng ěrduo)
Local Malay Name: Tudung Periuk, Telinga Gajah
Local Hokkien: Gu Sai Cheoh
Remarks: Adult and young pictures of the same species are shown below.








Common Name: Knightfish
Scientific Name: Proteracanthus sarissophorus (Cantor, 1849)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kuku, Gendang Batu, Perencang
Local Hokkien: Tongkang








Common Name: Spotted Scat
Scientific Name: Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus, 1766)
Mandarin Name:金錢魚(Jīn qián yú), 金鼓(Jīn gǔ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Ketang, Ketang Bunga
Local Hokkien: Kim Kor
Remarks: Venomous spines








Common Name: White-spotted Spinefoot, Rabbit fish
Scientific Name: Siganus canaliculatus (Park, 1797)
Mandarin Name: 白肚鱼 (Bái dù yú), 拜年鱼(Bài nián yú), 长鳍篮子鱼 (Zhǎng qí lánzi yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Capok, Dingkis, Dengkis, Ketang Surat
Local Hokkien: Peh Tor, Bai Jia Heurr
Local Teochew: Pek Touw, Bai Jia Hu
Remarks: Venomous spines on the dorsal, anal and pelvic fins. Can cause sharp pain, bleed and numbness.






Common Name: Mottled Spinefoot, Rabbit fish
Scientific Name: Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn, 1782)
Mandarin Name: 白肚鱼 (Bái dù yú), 拜年鱼(Bài nián yú), 褐篮子鱼 (Hè lánzi yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Capok, Dingkis, Dengkis Turus
Local Hokkien: Peh Tor, Bai Jia Heurr
Local Teochew: Pek Touw, Bai Jia Hu
Remarks: Venomous spines on the dorsal, anal and pelvic fins. Can cause sharp pain, bleed and numbness.






Common Name: Streaked Spinefoot, Java Rabbit Fish
Scientific Name: Siganus javus (Linnaeus, 1766)
Mandarin Name:泥孟 (Ní mèng), 臭肚 (Chòu dù),爪哇篮子鱼 (Zhǎo wā lán zi yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Capok,, Dengkis Jawa
Remarks: Venomous spines on the dorsal, anal and pelvic fins. Can cause sharp pain, bleed and numbness.






Common Name: Barhead spinefoot, Two Barred Rabbitfish
Scientific Name: Siganus virgatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Dengkis, Dengkis Kepala Jalur
Remarks: Venomous spines on the dorsal, anal and pelvic fins. Can cause sharp pain, bleed and numbness.






Common Name: Goldlined Spinefoot
Scientific Name: Siganus guttatus (Bloch, 1787)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Dengkis, Dengkis Tompok Oren
Remarks: Venomous spines on the dorsal, anal and pelvic fins. Can cause sharp pain, bleed and numbness.






Common Name: Elongate Surgeonfish, Bleeker's Surgeonfish, Blue-lined Surgeonfish
Scientific Name: Acanthurus mata  (Cuvier, 1829)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Debam, Dengkis, Blais Batu, Barat-barat, Gebang, Debam Topeng Kuning
Remarks: Sharp caudal spines.






Common Name: Bluespine Surgeonfish, Brown Unicornfish, Unicorn Tang
Scientific Name: Naso unicornis  (Forsskål, 1775)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Debam Taji, Dengkis, Barat-barat, Debam-taji Tanduk
Remarks: Sharp caudal spines.






Common Name: Unicorn Leatherjacket, Unicorn Filefish
Scientific Name: Aluterus monoceros (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 鹿仔鱼 (Lùzǐyú), 鸡鱼 (Jī yú), 肉竹 (Ròu zhú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Barat-barat, Kerosok Padi, Ayam Laut
Local Hokkien: Keh Hu, Bak Teik






Common Name: Prickly Leatherjacket
Scientific Name: Chaetodermis penicilligerus (Cuvier, 1816)
Mandarin Name: 鹿仔鱼 (Lùzǐyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bagang, Barat-barat Duri
Local Hokkien: Thik Phuey, Keh Hu






Common Name: Fan-bellied Leatherjacket
Scientific Name: Monacanthus chinensis (Isbeck, 1765)
Mandarin Name: 鹿仔鱼 (Lùzǐyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Barat-barat, Barat-barat Kipas
Local Hokkien: Thik Phuey, Keh Hu






Common Name: Strap-weed Filefish
Scientific Name: Pseudomonacanthus macrurus (Bleeker, 1857)
Mandarin Name: 鹿仔鱼 (Lùzǐyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Barat-barat, Kerosok Rumpair
Local Hokkien: Thik Phuey, Keh Hu






Common Name: Silver Tripodfish
Scientific Name: Triacanthus nieuhofi Bleeker, 1852
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lembu Perak, Tunjak Langit, Cagak Langit, Ikan Helicopter






Common Name: Long-tail Tripodfish
Scientific Name: Tripodichthys blochii (Bleeker, 1852)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lembu Ramping, Tunjak Langit, Cagak Langit, Ikan Helicopter






Common Name: Marine Catfish
Scientific Name: Tachysurus, Arius, Osteogenius sp.
Mandarin Name: 成魚 (Chéng yú), 海鯰 (Hǎi nián)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Duri, Pedukang
Local Hokkien: Sai Seng, Ah Seng
Remarks: Venomous spines at the dorsal and pectoral fins. Handle with care.






Common Name: Whitelipped Eel Catfish
Scientific Name: Paraplotosus albilabris  (Valenciennes, 1840)
Mandarin Name: 鳗鲶 (Mán nián),海土虱 (Hǎi tǔ shī), 白唇副鳗鲶 (Bái chún fù mán nián)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Semilang, Semilang Perut Putih
Local Hokkien: Thor Sat
Local Teochew: Thow Sak
Remark: Very venomous spines at the dorsal and pectoral fins. Be very careful in handling.






Common Name: Black Eel Catfish, Gray Eel-catfish
Scientific Name: Plotosus canius Hamilton, 1822
Mandarin Name: 鳗鲶 (Mán nián),海土虱 (Hǎi tǔ shī), 印度洋鳗鲶 (Yìndùyáng mán nián)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Semilang, Sembilang Gemang
Local Hokkien: Thor Sat
Local Teochew: Thow Sak
Remark: Very venomous spines at the dorsal and pectoral fins. Be very careful in handling.






Common Name: Striped Eel Catfish
Scientific Name: Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg, 1787)
Mandarin Name: 沙麻 (Shā má), 海土虱(Hǎi tǔ shī), 横纹鳗鲶 (Héng wén mán nián)
Local Malay Name: Sembilang Karang, Usat, Sembilang batu, Kelara, Gemang
Local Hokkien: Sua Mua
Remark: Very venomous spines at the dorsal and pectoral fins. Be very careful in handling.






Common Name: Greyface Moray, Freckled Moray, White-eye Moray
Scientific Name: Gymnothorax thyrsoideus  (Richardson, 1845)
Local Malay Name: Malong, Belut Riben, Belut Laut, Belut-laut Kepala Kelabu
Remark: Very large mouth and sharp teeth. Be very careful in handling.








Common Name: Common Pike Conger
Scientific Name: Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton, 1822)
Mandarin Name: 海鳗 (Hǎi mán),
Local Malay Name: Malong
Local Hokkien: Mua Hu
Remark: Very large mouth and sharp teeth. Be very careful in handling.








Common Name: Longfin Snake Eel, Longfin Snake-eel
Scientific Name: Pisodonophis cancrivorus  (Richardson, 1848)
Local Malay Name: Belin, Belut Laut, Belin Sirip Panjang






Common Name: Crocodile Flathead
Scientific Name: Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier, 1829)
Mandarin Name: 牛尾 (Niúwěi), 正颚鲬 (Zhèng è yǒng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bebaji, Baji-baji, Baji Buaya






Common Name: Fringe-eyed Flathead
Scientific Name: Cymbacephalus nematophthalmus  (Günther, 1860)
Mandarin Name: 牛尾 (Niúwěi), 线眼乳突鯒 (Xiàn yǎn rǔ tú yǒng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bebaji, Baji-baji, Kumba Buaya










Common Name: Bartail Flathead
Scientific Name: Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 牛尾 (Niúwěi), 印度牛尾鱼 (Yìndù niúwěi yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bebaji, Baji-baji, Baji Ekor Jalur








Common Name: Singapore Toadfish, Reticulated Toadfish
Scientific Name: Allenbatrachus reticulatus (Steindachner, 1870)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Gedempu
Local Hokkien: Or Hu
Remark: Very strong jaw. The fish is caught in the Straits of Johor.








Common Name: Three-spined Frogfish
Scientific Name: Batrachomoeus trispinosus (Günther, 1861)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Gedempu, Gedempu Duri
Local Hokkien: Or Hu
Remark: Very strong jaw.






Common Name: Bluering Angelfish
Scientific Name: Pomacanthus annularis (Bloch, 1787)
Mandarin Name: 蓝环神仙鱼 (Lán huán shénxiān yú), 蓝环盖刺鱼 (Lán huán gài cì yú)
Local Malay Name: Taring Pelanduk Cincin Biru, Ikan Toshiba, Ikan Babi








Common Name: Copperband Butterflyfish, Beaked Butterflyfish
Scientific Name: Chelmon rostratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 长吻钻嘴鱼 (Zhǎng wěn zuān zuǐ yú), 铜斑蝴蝶鱼 (Tóng bān húdié yú)
Local Malay Name: Keper Sumpit, Bagang, Pipit






Common Name: Sixspine Butterflyfish, Ocellated Coralfish
Scientific Name: Parachaetodon ocellatus (Cuvier, 1831)
Mandarin Name: 副蝴蝶鱼 (Fù hú dié yú)
Local Malay Name: Keper Laut, Bagang, Bendera, Pancang Bendera






Common Name: Tropical Sand Goby, Dog-toothed Goby
Scientific Name: Acentrogobius caninus (Valenciennes, 1837)
Mandarin Name: 犬牙细棘鰕虎鱼 (Quǎnyá xì jí xiā hǔ yú), 虾虎鱼 (Xiā hǔ yú)
Local Malay Name: Belodok Lobang








Common Name: Tank Goby
Scientific Name: Glossogobius giuris  (Hamilton, 1822)
Mandarin Name: 舌鰕虎鱼 (Shé xiā hǔ yú), 虾虎鱼 (Xiā hǔ yú)
Local Malay Name: Belukor, Belungko, Belodok Ubi








Nottes:

ISSCAAP = International Standard Statistical Classification of Aquatic Animals and Plants

D = Demersal finfishes
Demersal fishes lives in greater depth of oceans. They are also called bottom feeders.

P = Pelagic finfishes
Pelagic fishes are found mostly at shallow depths and their availability decreases with depth as food material and oxygen became scarce.

sp. = Species
spp. = Several Species (Species Plural)


References:

Lauretta Burke, Liz Selig (WRI), and Mark Spalding (2002). Biodiversity of Southeast AsianCoral Reefs in: Reefs at Risk in Southeast Asia. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. pp 13

Mohd Azmi Ambak, Mansor Mat Isa, Mohd Zaidi Zakaria and Mazlan Abd Ghaffar (2010) Fishes of Malaysia. Universiti Malaysia Trengganu, Malaysia. Penerbit UMT.

Fishbase. Available at:
http://www.fishbase.org

Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at:
http://www.fao.org/fishery/

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